The Origin and Roots of the Crocker Family
The following information on the Crocker
family is furnished by Clarence E. Crocker
Judge Ariel L. Crowley (a kinsman) did extensive research during
the 1960s on the Crockers with studies in England. In his findings, which
were supplied to my late brother, Paul Crocker, he stated; the Nathaniel
Crocker line was centralized in Devonshire, England and migrated to New
England among whom the descendents
include George Washington. Another, being Charles Crocker, (1822-1888)
who migrated to California becoming a legislator and banker who helped
complete Central Pacific Railroad. He further states that he had found
no connections between the Nathaniel Crocker northern line and the Anthony
Crocker southern line which was also centralized in Devonshire, England.
Historical records gathered through 100's of miles of travel, pictures
of monuments, grave markers, letters, long distance telephone calls, archives,
affidavits and hundreds of historical items, by Paul and supplied to me,
shows that he had determined that the Anthony Crocker bloodline of our family
was indeed centralized in Devonshire, England (July 26,1594) and migrated
from Cornwell via Barbados Islands to the county of Isle of Wright, Va.
with land purchases being recorded in 1736.
Continuing to migrate southward, they arrived in Wake (Frankin) county
North Carolina from whence they came to the Spartanburg District. In his
study, he found that families migrated in groups, perhaps for safety and
assistance as they traveled in wagons, living in tents, etc. An interesting
thing that he discovered was that the Crocker Family, the Hutchens (Hutchings)
and the Exums traveled together. For as long as I can remember, there has
been an old line Hutchens family, oft times spelled Hutchings, that have
lived in the Glendale community. Perhaps they were from the same line
that migrated into the south with the Crockers. I don’t remember ever hearing
of the Exums.
The earliest known Crocker settlers in upper Piedmont, which
consisted of five counties in 1772, settled in the Spartanburg district of
Craven County (now Spartanburg County) consisted of Arthur Sr. and wife,
assumed but not listed, possibly a widow, with sons, William, Solomon, Anthony,
Arthur Jr. and Hopkins. Females were often not named in old legal documents,
just the word, ”female”.
In Paul’s report, he states that it is almost certain that the Crockers
of present Spartanburg and Union counties are descendants of the above family.
He had letters from persons living in Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana,
Texas, Utah, Idaho, California and Washington state, all who acknowledged
to be descendents of the Crocker family which settled in Spartanburg County
Arthur Sr. had been given a Colonial Grant of 650 acres on September
29, 1772 on Lawson Fork Creek. Becoming of age, William and Solomon and
their father all received further grants located on Lawson Fork Creek,
Richland Creek and Pacolet River, much being adjoining land. At one time
the Crocker holdings totaled 3000 acres which were received through grants
and engulfed a large chunk of land off the old Pacolet/Goldmine and Bethesda
roads. Bethesda Baptist church, (See Picture #1) stands today on part of
that grant land which was donated to the church by Solomon Crocker.
Many Crockers are buried in the Church cemetery, (See Picture #2).
In 1779, Solomon and Anthony enlisted and served eight months in the
campaign against the Indians to stop their massacres. Referred to in, “A
History of Spartanburg County” page 22, William, Solomon and Anthony are
all listed as Revolutionary war veterans. Hopkins Crocker becoming of age,
married and was listed as living in Union County in 1790.
The U.S. 1790 Census of Spartanburg District showed;
Arthur Crocker Sr, had 2 free white
males over 16, 1 free white male under 16,
4 free white females; Obviously, Arthur Sr. had remarried.
William Crocker, had 1 FWM over 16,
2 FWM under 16, 3 FWF.
Solomon Crocker, had 1 FWM under 16, 1 FWM over 16,
Anthony Crocker, had 1 FWM over 16, 1 FWM under 16, 2
Authur Crocker Jr. had 1 FWM over 16, 1 FWF.
An affidavit on file in the S.C. Archives, states that during the time
of the Revolution, three members of the Tory Party violently took Anthony
Crocker’s rifle from him.
Arthur Crocker Sr. and Arthur Jr. died and William had left the state
before the 1910 census. By 1844, two of Anthony's and half of Solomon's children
had left the state. Hopkins and his family remained in Union county.
Family legend is that Arthur Sr. had a fourteen year old daughter
who was killed by a British Soldier. Legend tells us that she had gone to
the spring for water when a British soldier killed her lest she tell others
about their whereabouts. She was the first person to be buried in the original
Crocker’s family cemetery which is located just a short distance south-
of Richland creek on S.C. highway #108 and is engulfed by woods today. Some
twelve or more graves, in which the remains of some of the first Crockers
to arrive in Spartanburg County lie, are still visible. (See Picture # 3)
Across the creek stands an old log cabin house which was built
by John Crocker who was born in 1803 and was the son of Solomon Crocker.
Built on part of the original land grant, the exterior has been covered with
siding and additions have been made but his name remains inscribed on the
chimney, (See Picture #4). I was told by one of the descendents that old
tools brought from England by some of the family were still in the house and
that papers forbid the sale of the property. It is to pass from generation
to generation going to the next oldest, blood line kin.
Records show that William Wilburn Crocker, my great grandfather,
was born in 1817 near Bivingsville and had moved into the village before
his death. He was the son of Anthony Crocker, (1758-1847) and the grandson
of Arthur Crocker Sr. (?-1794). He was the father of Albert Wylda Crocker
(9-7-1847+4-9-1926) who was the father of Albert E. Crocker, (2-23-1890+5-17-1976)
who was my father.
Map of Picture Locations
In the Carolina Spartan, an obituary on Wednesday April 24,1889 read;
“Mr. William Crocker died at his home at Glendale last Wednesday night. He
was found dead by his bedside Thursday morning. He was about 70 years old.”
Click on this link to see the story of Albert
E. Crocker and his family.
This web site has been started as a
public service to share the story of Glendale. The web master and person
to contact about putting information on the web site is Mary McKinney
Teaster. Contact her at:
by telephone at (843) 873-8117. See more information
about Mary and her Glendale connection at Mary McKinney Teaster.