Excerpts from 1940 Census for Glendale

Story furnished by Clarence Crocker

( Editor's Note: Rev. Crocker has also used the 1940 Census to compile a listing of Black familes in Glendale at that time. To see this, click on Glendale Black families.)

The National Archives released the 1940 census to the public on April 2, 2012 after a mandatory 72 years waiting period. The census was taken during the month of April, 1940. Besides names, ages, relationships and occupations, other pertinent questions such as internal migration, education, employment status and weeks worked along with total 1939 earnings, etc., were asked and recorded.

The nation had not fully recovered from the great depression which started in 1929 and the mills were still curtailing, giving some employees less than 40 weeks of work during the year. Only a few got as much as 50 weeks of work. This resulted in a considerable variance of earnings. The census showed that some were still working on the Works Progress Administration (WPA), a few in the CC Camps and many were still unemployed.

Glendale census was taken under the heading of Glendale Mills and was divided into 3 enumeration districts listed as, ED42-78 containing 38 pages, ED42-79 containing 10 pages and ED42-80 containing 40pages. It appears that the census included about a 4 mile radius from the mill site. Parts of Clifton, the Goldmine-Bethesda area, the Country Club road area up to and including parts of Ben Avon, parts of the Fernwood-Hillcrest and Sloan’s Grove area were all included in the Glendale Mills census. (See attached map)

With this mixture, it looked impractical if not impossible to discern and list the residents of the Glendale village and the immediate areas as I was able to do in earlier censuses. In order to present a picture of conditions in and about Glendale village at that time, I have tried to pick and list the names of leaders of the mill and community as shown in the census. 

Though the census showed the reported 1939 earnings of each individual, I feel this to be too personal for me to republish the exact figure of each individual so with the exception of two persons, I am listing the average yearly earnings according to occupation as given in the census.

Typical Wages and Earnings

Plant Superintendent: $4500.
Postmaster: $750.
Overseers, $1650-$2000.
Second hands, Section hands and loom fixers, $650-$960.
Weavers, Spinners, Card, Drawing and spooler hands and cloth room personnel, $600 - $700.
Shop personnel, machinist, carpenters and painters, $800-$1200.
Watchmen & Policemen, $600-$900.
Boiler fireman, elevator operators, $500-$700.
Sweepers, rest room cleaners, cotton handlers, etc., $450-$550.
Bus drivers, $570-$1300.
Salesmen, $750-$1500.
Bookkeepers, $600- $1400.
Radio announcers, $450- $750.
Teachers, $650-$1100.
Nurses, $400-1200

Representative Listing Only - Not the Full 1940 Glendale Census

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This web site has been started as a public service to share the story of Glendale. The web master and person to contact about putting information on the web site is Mary McKinney Teaster.  Contact her at:

marylee@glendalesc.com or by telephone at (843) 873-8117. See more information about Mary and her Glendale connection at Mary McKinney Teaster.